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March 9, 2014 - A visit to the dentist could one day require a detailed look at how genes in a patient's body are being switched on or off, as well as examining their pearly whites, according to researchers at the University of Adelaide.

 

According to a new study, the majority of the population in Germany changes their toothbrushes once every 5 to 6 months, which is not enough to avoid gingival disease.  The study suggests that using the same toothbrush for more than 6 months can result in conditions such as gingivitis.

 

Dental professionals in Germany are urging caution against assuming that stevia, a widely known sugar substitute, is safer to teeth than granulated sugar. The dentists say that this assumption is not supported by adequate scientific evidence.

 

According to a recent study, individuals heavily consuming alcohol are 3 times more likely to have severe gum disease, unlike occasional drinkers. More about the study appear in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology. The study also indicated that the combination of alcoholism and smoking can result in higher risk for severe gum disease.

 

Previous studies suggest that streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), an indigenous bacteria implicated in the development of dental cavities, colonizes the mouth of infants with emergence of the primary teeth (Caufield, et al, 1993, 2000).

 

One of the more interesting applications of Teledentistry is in the area of caries detection in underserved populations. An article in the Journal of Telemed Telecare in 2006 reviewed a teledentistry project that complemented an existing telehealth project set up as part of six inner-city telehealth centers in six elementary schools of Rochester, New York.